Although Artemis was blood-thirsty, vengeful, and just plain mean, she may have been the most popular deity among Greek/Roman women. Why? She was considered the deity who assisted in pregnancy, childbirth, and the raising of young girls to puberty.
The reason this anti-sex deity had these responsibilities is that when she was born, she was the first of twins. She immediately served her mother as midwife in the birth of her twin brother, Apollo.
How could she do this? Several Greek/Roman myths indicate that deities are fully functional when they are born. In this way they are not like us pitiful humans who are utterly helpless during our first year.
When a girl reached puberty, she was likely to go to a sanctuary of Artemis that was located on a political boundary for a coming-of-age ceremony. Boundaries were dangerous. They were poorly policed and opposing armies might clash unexperctedly. It required courage for the girls to assemble for their ceremony.
This picture comes from the ancient city of Philipi in northern Greece. On the rocky hill above the city theatre there are several hundred votive carvings to Artemis, mostly depicting the goddess running, but some depicting a mother and child. Apparently the women of Philipi especially trusted Artemis.
You may use this picture under a creative commons license as long as you give credit to Richard Davies as photographer and do not use it for commercial purposes.